Most recent change of Closure

Edit made on November 24, 2008 by ColinWright at 17:05:21

Deleted text in red / Inserted text in green

A Set is closed under a binary operation if any two elements of the set when combined using the binary operation produce an element of the same set.

Thus a set A is closed under the binary operation * if for all a and b EQN:\in\ A then a * b EQN:\in\ A.
This idea extends beyond simple binary operations.

For example:
The set of natural numbers is closed under addition and multiplication
but not closed under subtraction.
* The set of the integers is closed under addition, subtraction and multiplication
** but not under division

Some counter-examples:
* The set of rational numbers is not closed under minimum upper bound
* The set of real numbers is not closed under square roots