Alan Turing (1912 - 1954)

British Mathematician known as the father of computing who contributed greatly to the cracking of the Enigma code during the Second World War. Without his genius, British and American intelligence would not have been able to gain the German secrets they did and, as Winston Churchill the war time Prime Minister admitted, the war could have dragged on for much longer. Turing also invented the first programmable electronic computer.

His legacy includes much of the theory of logic, Turing Machines, which tell us what computers are or aren't capable of and the Turing Test for whether machines are intelligent.

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