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A grid of cells which can be in a number of different states. Each cell may change from one generation to the next depending on the state of its neighbouring cells.

Cellular Automatons can model biological systems, micro-structures in materials, chemical reactions and many other discrete systems.

According to Stephen Wolfram's book "A New Kind Of Science", life /*is*/ a cellular automaton.

Conway's Game Of Life is an example.

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* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cellular_Automaton

* http://mathworld.wolfram.com/CellularAutomaton.html